Explain Luther’s main points in the selection you read from On the Freedom of a Christian. According to Wikipedia “Martin Luther OSA was a German priest, theologian, author, hymnwriter, professor, and Augustinian friar. He was the seminal figure of the Protestant Reformation, and his theological beliefs form the basis of Lutheranism. Luther was ordained to the priesthood in 1507.” He became a monk when one day he got caught in a big storm. He prayed to St. Anne to save him and if he survived he would become a monk. God saved him and he kept his promise to St. Anne and became a monk.

In the year 1520 Martin Luther wrote a book called On the Freedom of a Christian . According to Wikipedia “On the Freedom of a Christian sometimes also called A Treatise on Christian Liberty, was the third of Martin Luther’s major reforming treatises of 1520.” Three main points are love, bondage, and freedom. 

LOVE: According to Living Lutheran, “Love begets love. It’s impossible for true faith not to yield abundant fruits of love because it is by faith that we awaken to God’s abundant love for us in Christ—and love wants to love…. Love is the fruit of faith. Love is the mark of the true Christian.”

BONDAGE: We are all in bondage to sin. The Bible says that no one is perfect. We were all born with sin and we will all die with it. 

FREEDOM: The good news is that God’s response to sin is healing and reconciliation and not punishment. Our sin is Christ’s, and Christ’s “goodness” is our “goodness”. This is called the “happy exchange” by Luther.

Explain Calvin’s main points in the selection you read from the Institutes of the Christian Religion. How does Calvin answer those who say predestination makes God into a being who dispenses justice unequally? According to Wikipedia “John Calvin was a French theologian, pastor and reformer in Geneva during the Protestant Reformation. He was a principal figure in the development of the system of Christian theology later called Calvinism, including its doctrines of predestination and of God’s absolute sovereignty in the salvation of the human soul from death and eternal damnation.” John Calvin wrote a book called  Institutes of the Christian Religion. The main points are basically salvation of man through faith alone.

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