(1) Historian Richard Pipes wrote, “Soviet Russia was the first society in history to outlaw law.” What did he mean by that? This meant that Russia was letting people who knew nothing about the law were aloud to become judges. These people never went to law school, they just had to rely on their own personal morals. 

(2) What was the Russian government under Lenin like? According to Wikipedia, the Russian government under Lenin was like “Formation. Traditionally, the executive part of a government is directed by a council of ministers nominated by a ruler or by a president. The Bolsheviks considered this to be a bourgeois institution, and wanted to create what they believed was a new government made up of a ‘soviet’ of workers and peasants.” What kinds of tasks did it attempt to achieve? According to Wikipedia, “From his Marxist perspective, Lenin argued that this Russian proletariat would develop class consciousness, which would in turn lead them to violently overthrow tsarism, the aristocracy, and the bourgeoisie and to establish a proletariat state that would move toward socialism.”

(3) What are the primary differences between Marxism and Marxism-Leninism? Marxism predicted a revolution, while Marxism-Leninism forcefully demanded leadership lead by a vanguard party of professional revolutionaries. 

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