I am going to write about citizens and foreigners in this paper, but first citizens. Citizens in Latin are called civium. If you were a citizen, you could get special privileges. Those privileges could be given legal protection, you could vote, and you could be in the army.
Foreigners in Latin are called Plulgrini. If you were a foreigner, you did not get special privileges. The Equites were the businessmen. The Senators were 100 members who made laws and kept orders, the Consul were men who were elected once a year to govern, the Praetous were eight men who were appointed as court judges, and Aldiles were four supervisors to a market trade, the Juaestars were twenty financial administrators, the Triune was similar to a counsel, and the Dictators protected the city. The Plebians went on strike five times to protest.